Oliferenko lab

Comparative Biology of Mitotic Division Lab

: Areas of interest

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Understanding mitotic nuclear remodeling from the comparative and synthetic biology perspectives is the main thrust of our current research.

Our model organisms

Figure 1: Shown are our model organisms, two related fission yeast species Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Schizosaccharomyces japonicus. The endoplasmic reticulum including the nuclear envelope is labeled in green and the nucleoplasm, in red.

Mitotic division ensures faithful inheritance of genetic material in proliferating eukaryotic cells and errors in this process often lead to developmental defects and disease.

The cellular genome is compartmentalized inside the nucleus and delimited by the double-membrane nuclear envelope. The nuclear envelope must be dynamically restructured during mitosis to allow chromosome segregation and formation of the daughter nuclei.

Eukaryotic cells perform this necessary task using a strikingly diverse set of cell type and organism-specific approaches, ranging from fully 'open' to fully 'closed' mitosis depending on whether, and when, the nuclear envelope breaks-down or remains intact.

The recent focus on a relatively small cohort of model systems has provided only limited insights into the extent and the molecular basis of mitotic variability.

By making use of an 'experiment of Nature', comparative and synthetic analyses of related eukaryotes utilising distinct approaches to mitotic division, may add a new, evolutionary dimension to this important field. It may also provide a discovery tool capable of challenging established paradigms and revealing fundamentally novel biological principles.

We use two fission yeast species, Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Schizosaccharomyces japonicus that employ strikingly divergent mitotic strategies to address the following questions:

  • How is the nuclear envelope area controlled during mitotic division?
  • How do cells break and reform the nuclear membrane?
  • What are the rules for generating functional diversity in nuclear envelope management?

Aside from the nuclear envelope biology, the two fission yeasts exhibit intriguing differences in several integral biological processes including cytokinesis, cell size control, chromatin organization, and polarized growth.

We also use S. japonicus and S. pombe to understand the interplay between cellular division site placement and cortical patterning.

At the Crick we plan to develop new avenues of research aimed at understanding the mechanisms underlying differences in overall cell size and cell size homeostasis in the two sister species and the scaling of chromosome compaction during mitosis.