Engraftment defect of cytokine-cultured adult human mobilized CD34+ cells is related to reduced adhesion to bone marrow niche elements

Abstract

In vitro exposure of haematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPC) to cytokines in expansion or gene therapy protocols reduces homing and engraftment in vivo. We have previously reported that this is related in part to altered tissue specificity of short-term homing, leading to loss of cells in non-haematopoietic tissues. Here we demonstrate that defective engraftment persists when cultured HSPC are transplanted by intrabone injection. Changes in engraftment function occur within 24 h of cytokine exposure, and are evident when engraftment is analysed solely in the injected bone. A novel ex vivo model of the bone marrow was developed, in which the attachment of infused HSPC in rodent long bones is reduced following culture with cytokines. Finally, cultured HSPC demonstrated reduced adhesion to N-cadherin, osteopontin and vascular cell-adhesion molecule-1, ligands present in bone marrow niches. These changes in adhesive function occur rapidly, and are not related to downregulation of the relevant receptors. Our findings suggest that cytokine exposure of adult human HSPC results in altered adhesion within bone marrow niches, further leading to reduced engraftment potential in vivo.

Journal details

Volume 158
Issue number 6
Pages 778-787
Publication date

Keywords