Generation and surgical analysis of genetic mouse models to study NF-κB-driven pathogenesis of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma
Authors listBernard D Maybury Yolanda Saavedra-Torres Thomas Snoeks Jude Fitzgibbon Dinis Calado
Enforced activation of NF-κB signaling can be achieved by constitutive NF-κB-inducing kinases, IKK2 and NIK, or via lymphoma-associated mutants of MYD88, CARD11, and CD79B. In order to model Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) in mice, conditional alleles for these proteins are combined with alleles targeting Cre recombinase expression in mature B cells. However, unopposed NF-κB signaling promotes plasmablast differentiation, and as a consequence the model system must be complemented with further mutations that block differentiation, such as Prdm1/BLIMP1 inactivation or overexpression of BCL6. Here, we describe the currently available tools for DLBCL models in mice and their relative advantages and drawbacks. Furthermore, we describe methods to monitor lymphomagenesis, using ultrasound tomography of the spleen, and the technique of partial splenectomy surgery with recovery. These powerful techniques allow paired comparison of individual lymphoma cases before and after interventions, including therapies, and to study the evolution of lymphoma over time. NF-κB activation also promotes widespread nodal involvement with lymphoma and we describe the post-mortem dissection of major nodal groups.
Journal Methods in Molecular Biology