Interleukin 7 (IL-7) selectively promotes mouse and human IL-17-producing γδ cells
Authors listMarie-Laure Michel Dick J Pang Syeda FY Haque Alexandre J Potocnik Daniel J Pennington Adrian Hayday
IL-17-producing CD27(-) γδ cells (γδ(27-) cells) are widely viewed as innate immune cells that make critical contributions to host protection and autoimmunity. However, factors that promote them over IFN-γ-producing γδ(27+) cells are poorly elucidated. Moreover, although human IL-17-producing γδ cells are commonly implicated in inflammation, such cells themselves have proved difficult to isolate and characterize. Here, murine γδ(27-) T cells and thymocytes are shown to be rapidly and substantially expanded by IL-7 in vitro and in vivo. This selectivity owes in substantial part to the capacity of IL-7 to activate STAT3 in such cells. Additionally, IL-7 promotes strong responses of IL-17-producing γδ cells to TCR agonists, thus reemphasizing the cells' adaptive and innate potentials. Moreover, human IL-17-producing γδ cells are also substantially expanded by IL-7 plus TCR agonists. Hence, IL-7 has a conserved potential to preferentially regulate IL-17-producing γδ cells, with both biological and clinical implications.